141 Fascine load for engineers 2 styles

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Description

willich & CHAVRE etc were used to carry and deploy these, initially timber they eventually comprised of 9inch diameter black plastic pipes. Fascines were used to bridge small streams, rivers etc. The pipe fascine was further developed in the British Army in the early 1980s to meet the challenges of assuring the mobility of movement in West Germany in the event of a NATO conflict with the Warsaw Pact.
From Wikepedia:
The majority of obstacles to mobility in West Germany run north–south, and movement by military forces would have been east–west. Within the area of operation of the British Army, near Hannover, there is a significant number of smaller gaps, mainly drainage ditches, streams and small rivers approximately 5–10 m wide and 1.5 – 2.5 m deep that are sufficient to stop armoured vehicles. Given the low number of AVLBs available, a solution was needed to bridge these gaps quickly and cheaply and under fire. In earlier wars, wooden fascines had been used, but these were ineffective for use with the much heavier modern vehicles, some of which weighed up to 70 tons.

The Royal Engineers Experimental Establishment at Christchurch did initial tests on the possible use of 9-inch (22.5 cm) high-density plastic pipes held together with chains. These would allow water flow, and not be damaged with the higher modern vehicle weight. Further development was done by Lt C Roebuck RE and his troop, 5 Troop, 31 Armoured Engineer Squadron, 32 Armoured Engineer Regiment at Munsterlager, North Germany in 1981/2, to enable full acceptance and provide user instructions for operational use. This development involved testing in different gaps and conditions, e.g. concrete line canals to earth banked rural field drainage channels, possibility of multiple fascine use in a single gap and launch testing both day, night and in limited visibility. During the trials the development team drivers became skilled at the launching of the fascine and were able to launch two or even three fascines into a single gap. However for regular operational use by less skilled crews it was recommended that only single fascines should be used as the use of 2nd or 3rd fascines required the launch vehicle to launch the subsequent fascine whilst on the potentially unstable first fascine. This required a perfect launch to ensure the second fascine was quickly in place to make the first fascine stable and held in position. If this did not happen there was potentially significant risk to the launch vehicle and crew especially in water filled gaps.

A launch technique was developed: approach the target gap at speed, line up onto alignment/ launch markers, drive over first marker then brake sharply at second marked point and fire the explosive bolts holding the travel hawsers so that the fascine, through inertia, rolled off the directly into the middle of the gap. When in position, they travel over it to level the road surface for other vehicles to cross. This whole process would take less than a minute, essential for an assault crossing possibly under fire.

Combat Engineer Tractor launch
The fascine was subsequently accepted into service and used successfully in a number of operational and non-operational roles using the Centurion AVRE, a Centurion tank derivative with a bulldozer blade and 165mm demolition gun fitted. It was used in combat for the first time during the First Iraq war to breach anti tank ditches. The British Army now use the Trojan, based on the Challenger 2 tank, to carry and deploy pipe fascines.

From Think Defense:

The Pipe Fascine was developed in 1981/82 from an idea in the mid seventies by Major J M Allen Royal Engineers using modern polythene pipes. The area of operations of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) had numerous small gaps (streams, ditches etc) that would hamper the free movement of military vehicles and to counter weight limitations of brushwood and reduce the carried weight the new system was proven to be a great success. In addition, wooden fascines have a tendency to float which makes them difficult to use in water filled obstacles, the pipe system allowed water to flow normally.

Plastic water pipes had seen rapid introduction in civil works and they were seen as a promising alternative. After much testing and refinement by the Experimental Bridging Establishment the development continued with significant further testing in the likely area of operations by Lt Chris Roebuck and 5 Troop, 31 Armoured Engineer Squadron, 32 Armoured Engineer Regiment. The development took over 6 months using a variety of exhaustive testing on a multitude of critical elements, eg steel rope tensions, release timings, methods and positions, launch techniques on gap types, sizes during both during the day and at night and rapid recovery and re-use procedures. This testing used the Royal Engineers a version of the Centurion AVRE was introduced in conjunction with modified bundles of plastic pipe. The launch technique was to approach the target gap at speed, brake sharply at a marked point, aligned to the line of the desired drop, and fire the explosive bolts holding the travel hawsers so that the fascine, through inertia, rolled off the AVRE directly into the middle of the gap. When in position the AVRE would then travel over it to level the road surface for other vehicles to cross.

Another load common to such vehicles were the class 30 & 60 Trackways, see our listings of them.

Additional information

Weight 25 g
Dimensions 100 × 100 × 54 mm
Scale

1:35, 1:48, 1:72

Pack size

Pair, Single, Triple

type

Round, triangle

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